The Hirakud smelter and power complex is located
in the state of Orissa, in eastern India, on
the bank of the worlds longest earthen
dam the Hirakud Dam, which is 25.8-km
long and spans the Mahanadi river. It is situated
6 km away from NH-6 connecting Kolkata and Mumbai
and 12 km from the nearest town of Samabalpur.
It is 320 km by road from Bhubaneswar, the capital
of the state of Orissa.
The Hirakud smelter, set up by Indal in 1959,
was the countrys second aluminium smelter
operating on grid power sourced from the hydro
power station of the Hirakud Dam. After facing
severe power scarcity, Hirakuds captive
coal-based power plant came up in 1993. It was
the first in India to adopt clean coal combustion
technology that uses a circulating fluidised
bed, which is considered environmentally friendly.
Today, as a part of Hindalco, the original
10,000 tpa smelter has moved to 161,400 tpa
capacity with ongoing plans for further capacity
augmentation to 213,000 tpa. The old HSS smelter technology
has given way to the modern, environment friendly
prebake smelter technology. It is the first
smelter in India to have achieved this technological
upgrade using the same infrastructure facilities.
Similarly the power plant has been
enhanced with three additional units
to bring generating capacity up to 368 MW.
Further access to captive coal blocks at Talabira,
approximately 45 km from Hirakud, ensures optimal
backward integration for cost-competitive power
to feed the aluminium smelter. Hirakud has an
enviable array of international and national
awards for energy conservation, safety and environment
As an active community player it focuses its
CSR initiatives towards health care, education,
womens empowerment and sustainable livelihood
programmes. The unit employs around 1,700 people.